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All the Scottish Internationalists that Have Played for Each English Premier League Club.

The English Premier League makes its anticipated return this evening. Scotland supporters, as well as Gordon Strachan and co, will be keeping a close eye on the Anglo-Scots when playing for their football clubs.

Very recently there has been one particular inquiry from members of the football public; wondering how many Scotland Internationalists have played for the each English Premier League club.

After considerable research, the following reveals the up to date figures of:

-The number of Scottish International players who have who have played for these English clubs.

-The period of time when the players represented Scotland while at these clubs.

-How many caps they won and goals scored for Scotland while playing for each club.

-The total of Scotland appearances and goals contributed from each of these club.

Arsenal FC

1. Charlie Nicholas, 1983-1987, 13 caps, 3 goals.

2. Alex Forbes, 1950- 1952, 9 caps.

3. George Graham, 1971-1971, 8 caps, 1 goal.

4. Archie MacAuley, 1947-1948, 6 caps.

5. Frank, McLintock, 1964-1971, 6 caps.

6.  Alex James, 1929-1932, 4 caps, 1 goal.

7. David Herd, 1958-1961, 5 caps, 3 goals.

8. Tom Fitchie, 1905-1906, 3 caps, 1 goal.

9. James Sharp, 1907-1908, 3 caps.

10. Tommy Docherty, 1958-1959, 3 caps.

11. John Ure, 1963-1967, 3 caps.

12. Willie Harper, 1926, 2 caps.

13. John Henderson, 1958, 2 caps.

14. Robert Wilson, 1971, 2 caps.

15. Robert Templeton, 1905, 1 cap.

16. John Graham, 1921, 1 cap.

17. James Logie, 1952, 1 cap.

18. George Wood, 1982, 1 cap.

Total: 73 caps, 9 goals.

 

AFC Bournemouth

1. Matt Richie, 2015- 2016, 10 caps, 3 goals.

2. Ryan Fraser, 2017-present, 1 cap.

Total: 11 caps, 3 goals.

 

Brighton Hove and Albion FC

1. Gordon Greer, 2013-present, 11 caps.

2. Craig Mackail-Smith, 2011-2012, 6 caps, 1 goal.

3. Craig Conway (on loan from Cardiff), 2013, 2 caps.

4. Liam Bridcutt, 2013-present, 1 cap.

Total: 20 caps, 1 goal.

 

Burnley FC

1. Graham Alexander, 2007-2011, 10 caps.

2. John Aird, 1954, 4 caps.

3. Adam Blacklaw, 1963-1965, 3 caps.

4. Steven Fletcher, 2009-2010, 3 caps.

5. Chris Iwelumo, 2010, 2 caps.

6. William Morgan, 1967, 1 cap.

7. Steven Caldwell, 2009, 1 cap.

Total: 24 caps.

 

Chelsea FC

1. Eddie McCreadie, 1965-1969, 23 caps.

2. Craig Burley, 1995-1997, 20 caps.

3. Charlie Cooke, 1966-1975, 14 caps.

4. John Spencer, 1994-1996, 13 caps.

5. Gordon Durie 1987-1991, 12 caps, 2 goals.

6. Pat Nevin, 1986-1987, 6 caps.

7. Steve Clarke, 1987-1994, 6 caps.

8. David Speedie, 1985-1986, 5 caps.

9. John Jackson, 1934-1935, 4 caps.

10. Robert Campbell, 1950, 3 caps, 1 goal.

11. Bobby Evans, 3 caps.

12. Tommy Law, 1928-1930, 2 caps.

13. Tom Boyd, 1991, 2 caps.

14. Warren Cummings, 2002, 1 cap.

15. John Cameron, 1909, 1 cap.

16. Angus Douglas, 1911, 1 cap.

17. Hugh Gallacher, 1934, 1 cap.

18. Peter Buchanan, 1937, 1 cap, 1 goal.

Total: 118 caps, 4 goals.

 

Crystal Palace FC

1. James McArthur (2014-present), 15 caps, 3 goals.

2. Barry Bannan, 2013-2015, 7 caps (excluding one cap earned when on loan at Bolton in 2015).

3. Dougie Freedman, 2002, 2 caps, 1 goal.

4. David Hopkin 1997, 2 caps.

Total: 26 caps, 4 goals.

 

Everton FC

1. David Weir, 1999-2007, 43 caps, 1 goal.

2. James McFadden, 2003-2012, 33 caps, 13 goals.

3. Gary Naysmith, 2000-2007, 32 caps, 1 goal.

4. Steven Naismith ,2012-2015, 26 caps, 4 goals.

5. Scot Gemmill, 1999-2003, 13 caps, 1 goal.

6. Graeme Sharp, 1985- 1988, 12 caps, 1 goal.

7. Stuart McCall, 1990-1991, 11 caps, 1 goal.

8. Don Hutchison, 1999-2000, 10 caps, 1 goal.

9. Asa Hartford, 1979-1981, 8 caps, 1 goal.

10. Pat Nevin, 1989-1992, 8 caps, 1 goal.

11. Bobby Collins, 1958-1959, 6 caps, 3 goals.

12. Bruce Rioch, 1977, 6 caps.

13. John Collins, 1998-1999, 6 caps, 1 goal.

14. Tory Gillick, 1937-1938, 5 caps, 3 goals.

15. Alex Scott 1963-1966, 5 caps.

16. John Bell, 1896-1898, 3 caps, 1 goal.

17. George Wood, 1979, 3 caps.

18. Ian Wilson, 1987, 3 caps.

19. Duncan Ferguson, 1994-1997, 3 caps.

20. Alex Young, 1905-1907, 2 caps.

21. Neil McBain, 1923-1924, 2 caps.

22. James Gabriel, 1960-1963, 2 caps.

23. Alex Young, 1961-1966, 2 caps, 2 goals.

24. John Robertson, 1898, 1 cap.

25. George Wilson, 1907, 1 cap.

26. George Brewster, 1921, 1 cap.

27. Alex Troup, 1926, 1 cap.

28. James Dunn, 1928, 1 cap, 1 goal.

29. John Thomson, 1932, 1 cap.

30. Alex Parker, 1958, 1 cap.

31. John Connelly, 1973, 1 cap.

32. Andy Gray, 1985, 1 cap.

Total: 253 caps, 36 goals.

 

Huddlesfield Town FC

1. Alexander Jackson, 1925-1930, 14 caps, 8 goals.

2. Denis Law, 1958-1959, 6 caps, 1 goal.

3. David Steele, 1923, 3 caps.

4. Paul Dixon, 2012-2015, 3 caps.

5. Jordan Rhodes, 2011- 2012, 2 caps.

6. James Watson, 1953, 1 cap.

Total: 29 caps, 9 goals.

 

Leicester City FC

1. Matt Elliot, 1997- 2001, 18 caps, 1 goal.

2. David Gibson, 1963-1964, 7 caps, 3 goals.

3. Callum Davidson, 2000-2004, 5 caps.

4. Paul Dickov, 2002-2004, 5 caps, 1 goal.

5. Andrew Aitken, 1910-1911, 3 caps.

6. Frank McLintock, 1963, 3 caps, 1 goal.

7. Gary McAllister, 1990, 3 caps.

8. Ian Wilson, 1987, 2 caps.

9. John Paterson, 1920, 1 cap.

10. John Duncan, 1925, 1 cap, 1 goal.

11. John Anderson, 1954, 1 cap.

12. John Sinclair, 1966, 1 cap.

Total: 50 caps, 7 goals.

 

Liverpool FC

1. Kenny Dalglish, 1977-1986, 55 caps, 14 goals.

2. Graeme Souness, 1978-1984, 37 caps, 2 goals.

3. Billy Liddell, 1946-1955, 28 caps, 6 goals.

4. Stephen Nicol, 1984-1991, 27 caps.

5. Alan Hansen, 1979-1987, 26 caps.

6. Thomas Younger, 1956-1958, 16 caps.

7. Ian St John, 1961-1965, 14 caps, 8 goals.

8. Gary Gillespie, 1987-1990, 13 caps.

9. Alexander Raisbeck, 1900-1907, 8 caps.

10. Charlie Adam, 6 caps.

11. Danny Wilson, 2010-present, 5 caps, 1 goal.

12. Thomas Lawrence, 1963-1969, 3 caps.

13. John Wark, 1984, 3 caps.

14. Kenneth Campbell, 1920, 2 caps.

15. Donald McKinlay, 1922, 2 caps.

16. James McDougall, 1931, 2 caps.

17. Ronald Yeats, 1964-1965, 2 caps.

18. Frank McGarvey, 1979, 2 caps.

19. George Allan, 1897, 1 cap.

20. Hugh Morgan, 1899, 1 cap.

21. William Dunlop, 1906, 1 cap.

22. Thomas Miller, 1920, 1 cap, 2 goals.

23. Andrew Robertson, 2017- present, 2 caps, 1 goal.

24. John McNab, 1923, 1 cap.

 

Total: 258 caps, 34 goals.

 

Manchester City FC

1. Asa Hartford, 1975-1982, 36 caps, 3 goals.

2. Willie Donachie, 1972- 1978, 35 caps.

3. Denis Law, 1960-1974, 11 caps, 2 goals.

4. James McMullan, 1926-1929, 8 caps.

5. Robert Johnstone, 1955-1956, 4 caps, 2 goals.

6. Paul Dickov, 2000, 3 caps.

7. George Stewart, 1907, 2 caps.

8. George Livingstone, 1906, 1 cap.

9. Matthew Busby, 1933, 1 cap.

10. James McLuckie, 1933, 1 cap.

11. John Plenderleith, 1960, 1 cap.

Total: 103 caps, 7 goals.

 

Manchester United FC

1. Darren Fletcher, 2003-2015, 66 caps, 5 goals.

2. Denis Law, 1962-1972, 35 caps, 25 goals.

3. Martin Buchan, 1972-1978, 32 caps.

4. Brian McClair, 1987-1993, 26 caps, 2 goals.

5. William Morgan, 1972-1974, 20 caps, 1 goal.

6. Joe Jordan, 1978-1981, 20 goals, 2 goals.

7. Luigi Macari, 1973-1978, 18 goals, 2 goals.

8. James Holton, 1972-1974, 15 caps, 2 goals.

9. Arthur Albiston, 1982-1986, 14 caps.

10. Jim Leighton, 1988-1990, 14 caps.

11. Gordon McQueen, 1978-1981, 13 caps, 2 goals.

12. Gordon Strachan, 1985-1987, 13 caps, 2 goals.

13. Alex Forsyth 1973-1975, 6 caps.

14. Pat Crerand, 1963-1965, 5 caps.

15. Jimmy Delaney, 1947-1948, 4 caps.

16. George Graham, 1973, 4 caps, 2 goals.

17. Michael Stewart, 1998-2005, 3 caps.

18. Thomas Miller, 1921, 2 caps.

19. Alexander Bell, 1912, 1 cap.

20. Neil McBain, 1922, 1 cap.

21. Francis Burns, 1969, 1 cap.

22. Stewart Houston, 1975, 1 cap.

Total: 314 caps, 45 goals.

 

Newcastle United FC

1. Robert Moncur, 1968-1972, 16 caps.

2. Hugh Gallacher, 1926-1930, 13 caps, 19 goals.

3. Kevin Gallacher, 1999-2001, 9 caps, 1 goal.

4. Andrew Aitken, 1901-1906, 8 caps.

5. Peter McWlliam, 1905- 1911, 8 caps.

6. Frank Brennan, 1946-1954, 7 caps.

7. Roy Aitken, 1990, 6 caps.

8. Wolfrid Low, 1911-1920, 5 caps.

9. Matt Ritchie, 2016-present, 4 caps, 1 goal.

10. Grant Hanley, 2016-present, 4 caps.

11. Alexander Higgins, 1910-1911, 4 caps, 1 goal.

12. James Hay, 1912-1914, 4 caps.

13. Robert Templeton, 1902-1904, 3 caps.

14. James Howie, 1905-1908, 3 caps, 2 goals.

15. James Smith, 1973-1974, 3 caps.

16. Stephen Caldwell, 2001, 3 caps.

17. Ronald Orr, 1902- 1904, 2 caps, 1 goal.

18. Andrew McCombie 1905, 2 caps.

19. Robert Ancell, 1936, 2 caps.

20. Thomas Pearson, 1947, 2 caps.

21. Robert Mitchell, 1951, 2 caps, 1 goal.

22. Anthony Green, 1972, 2 caps.

23. R.S. McColl, 1902, 1 cap.

24. George Wilson, 1909, 1 cap.

25. James Lawence, 1911, 1 cap.

26. William Cowan, 1924, 1 cap, 1 goal.

27. Neil Harris, 1924, 1 cap.

28. Robert McKay, 1927, 1 cap.

29. James Boyd, 1933, 1 cap.

30. Thomas Craig, 1976, 1 cap.

31. Stephen Glass, 1998, 1 cap.

Total: 121, 27 goals.

 

Southampton FC

1. Neil McCann, 2003-2005, 10 caps, 2 goals.

2. Nigel Quashie, 2005, 5 caps.

3. Danny Fox, 2011, 3 caps.

4. Stephen Crainey, 2004, 2 caps.

5. Chrisitian Dailly, 2007, 1 cap (on loan from West Ham).

6. John Robertson, 1899, 1 cap.

7. Ian Black, 1948, 1 cap.

Total: 23 caps, 2 goals.

 

Stoke City FC

1. Charlie Adam, 2012- present, 9 caps.

2. Thomas Hyslop, 1886, 1 cap.

3. William Maxwell, 1898, 1 cap.

Total: 11 caps.

 

Swansea FC

1. Stephen Kingsley, 2016-present, 1 cap.

Total: 1 cap.

 

Tottenham Hotspur FC

1. Colin Calderwood, 1995-1998, 32 caps, 1 goal.

2. William Brown, 1959- 1965, 24 caps.

3. Steven Archibald, 1980- 1984, 22 caps, 3 goals.

4. David MacKay, 1959- 1965, 18 caps, 4 goals.

5. John White, 1959- 1964, 18 caps, 1 goal.

6. Alan Gilzean, 1965- 1971, 17 caps, 8 goals.

7. Gordon Durie, 1991-1993, 13 caps, 2 goals.

8. Neil Sullivan, 2000-2003, 13 caps.

9. Richard Gough, 1986- 1987, 8 caps.

10. Alfie Conn, 1975, 2 caps.

11. Alan Brazil, 1983, 2 caps, 1 goal.

12. James Robertson, 1964, 1 cap.

Total: 170 caps, 20 goals.

 

Watford FC

1. Ikechi Anya, 2013-2016, 21 caps, 3 goals.

2. Maurice Johnston 1984, 3 caps, 1 goal.

3. Don Cowie, 2009-2011, 3 caps.

Total: 27 caps, 4 goals.

 

West Bromwich Albion FC

1. James Morrison, 2007-present, 45 caps, 3 goals.

2. William Johnston 1977-78, 13 caps.

3. Darren Fletcher 2015-present, 12 caps.

4. Graham Dorrans, 2008-2015, 10 caps.

5. Asa Hartford, 1972, 6 caps.

6. Scott Dobie, 2001-2004, 6 caps, 1 goal.

7. Craig Beattie, 2007-2009,  3 caps, 1 goal.

8. Nigel Quashie, 2006-2007, 3 caps.

9. Derek McInnes, 2002-2003, 2 caps.

10. Bobby Hope, 1968, 2 caps.

11. Matt Phillips, 2017- present, 2 caps.

12. Douglas Fraser, 1968, 2 caps.

13. Sandy McNab,1939, 1 cap.

Total: 107 caps, 5 goals.

 

West Ham United

1. Christian Dailly, 2001-2008, 40 caps (excluding extra cap earned when on loan with Southampton in 2007), 5 goals.

2. Don Hutchison, 2001-2003, 10 caps.

3. Ray Stewart, 1981-1987, 10 caps, 1 goal.

4. Frank McAvennie, 1985- 1986, 4 caps, 1 goal.

5. Robert Snodgrass, 2017, 3 caps.

6. John Dick, 1959, 1 cap.

Total: 68 caps, 7 goals.

The Founding of the Football League

Last night the English Football League kicked off for the 2017/18 season. The Football League in England is the oldest league system in world football-formed back in April 1888. A landmark moment in history as the first step to the current league systems that orchestrate worldwide today. Though the introduction of the Football league would not have been formed without the enthusiasm and passion of a Scotsman named William McGregor.

Mr William McGregor is known as the architect and founder of The Football League. He was born in Perthshire in 1847, moving to Birmingham in 1870 to set up a linen draper’s shop with his brother; near Villa’s home ground Aston Park. McGregor would be invited to become a committee member for the club, where he would move on to be an administrator, to then being elected President years later.

Despite the introduction of the Football Association (FA) and FA Cup ties being played, the football clubs would have the sole task of organising matches with other teams-leading to, many times, miscommunication and confusion. In 1885, McGregor shared this view in a FA meeting that professionalism in football should be accepted as the game was changing and developing- admitting that Villa had indeed already been operating in a professional type manner. At the end of the conference the FA accepted professionalism in the game. Yet, with this new professional game, matches were still being cancelled with the clubs still having to pay their players despite no match being played. More frustration was felt by all involved in the sport. McGregor took action by writing to other clubs such as Blackburn, Bolton, Preston North End and West Bromwich Albion; about the possible creation of a football league competition that would provide a number of guaranteed fixtures for its member clubs each season. However, despite Attending the first meeting in March 1888, no southern English club agreed to join this new set-up at the time.

Left: Will McGregor.

This exciting prospect proposed by McGregor was agreed by club representatives; leading to the finalising of league details in a second meeting held on 17th April 1888. The name ‘The Football League’ was chosen amongst the member clubs. Interestingly, the proposed name ‘The English League’ was avoided in order to leave the possibility of future applications from Scottish clubs joining the league. McGregor also proposed a rule that only one club from each town should be included. The other founders agreed to this rule, which caused controversy, as it meant Birmingham team Mitchell St. George’s were denied membership in favour of McGregor’s Aston Villa. McGregor was also cautious about the consequence of richer clubs dominating the league-resulting in him and the founding clubs agreeing that gate receipts were to be shared amongst the clubs, ensuring both clubs in a set-up tie collected the money; allowing them the opportunity to compete with the wealthier clubs as much as possible.

The first season of the Football League began a few months later on the 8th September with 12 member clubs from the Midlands and North of England. Accrington Stanley, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Burnley, Derby County, Everton, Notts County, Preston North End, Stoke (renamed Stoke City in 1926), West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers participated in The Football League’s first ever season. Each club played the other twice, once at home and once away, and two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw. This points system was not agreed upon until after the season had started; the alternative proposal was one point for a win only. McGregor would serve as the first Chairman of the Football League and then become its President four years later. Preston won the first league title without losing a game, and completed the first league–cup double by also taking the FA Cup.

This clear success of the Football League directly inspired the creation of similar competitions in other countries, beginning with Scotland, where the Scottish Football League was formed in 1890.

During his time at Aston Villa, McGregor was noted for his organisational skills and ambition. For example, it was he whom was responsible for making Villa adopt the Scottish lion rampant as the club’s crest. McGregor also never played the football competitively; although allegedly, his only on-pitch involvement was occasional goalkeeping during Aston Villa training sessions in the 1870s.

Nethertheless, he will always be mostly remembered for his influence on developing football – which would see the beautiful game become the country’s national sport. To this day, he is still idolised by Aston Villa and their supporters not only for developing ‘The Football League’ but for making them one of the biggest institution’s in British football. There is no doubt that from the Football League’s first days as a twelve team league, to the eventual growing of four divisions, the emergence of multiple new football clubs joining the league, creating a benchmark structure for other countries around the world, shows that the terms ‘architect’ and ‘founder’ of the Football League are very much merited when describing McGregor’s influence.

The Drybrough Cup

The Scottish League season returns once again with the first round of fixtures commencing this weekend. Indeed, competitive football is already underway with the new Scottish League Cup format; allowing fans to watch their clubs partake in competitive action in July, hoping their team can reach the final at Hampden. Though this is not the only format the football governing bodies have constructed in the past, in order to bring football back to the supporters at an earlier date. One example of this is the Drybrough Cup competition.

The Drybrough Cup was first competed in the season 1970-71. It was the first ever tournament in Scotland to bear a sponsors’ name, open to the eight top scoring teams in the Scottish League- four from the first division and four from the second division. At a time when Football Sponsorship was a heavily debated subject, ‘Drybrough & Co Ltd’ sponsored the tournament making it the first ever sponsored football tournament exclusively for Scottish clubs. The sponsored competition would consist of three rounds. A first round, semi-final and final.

The tournament was held a couple of weeks before the start of the league season. The Drybrough Cup was also an opportunity for the Scottish FA to experiment with new rules and ideas for football. For example,  in the 1972, 1973 and 1974 Drybrough Cup competitions, an experimental version of the offside rule was operated. The new rule saw the penalty area line extended to join up with the touchlines, creating a solid line across the pitch 18 yards from each goal. The offside law then only applied when a player was beyond the new penalty area line; at times leading to confusion and goals which would not normally stand.

In its first ever year, the Drybrough Cup final was held at Pittodrie, where Aberdeen defeated Celtic at their own fortress. After then each final was held at Hampden. The tournament however did not return before the start of the 1975 season as the ‘Scottish Football Premier League Division’ was created-  the clubs voted in favour of a three division setup, with 10 clubs in the top tier. This meant two extra League matches for the new Premier Division clubs leading to the postponement of the Drybrough Cup.

Although, in 1979, the Drybrough Cup returned to the football calendar where Rangers would go on to win the trophy beating Celtic at Hampden. Indeed, it was in this Drybrough Cup final where Davie Cooper scored his memorable goal against Celtic-which is considered to be one of the greatest goals ever scored in an Old Firm derby.

The final in 1980 saw St Mirren line up against Aberdeen. The Dons proved too strong and ran out 2-1 winners. This would prove to be the final year the competition was played as the governing body and teams pursued different priorities. Though the trophy may not have been seen as a major honour, it did not fail to produce good football for the observing fan as well as have the pull to attract thousands of supporters.

Drybrough Cup Winners.

1971

Aberdeen 2. Robb (20), Harper (pen 63)
Celtic 1. Hughes (58)

Pittodrie Park, att 25,000

1972
Hibernian. 5 Gordon 2 (4, 21), O’Rourke (56, 95), Duncan (118)
Celtic. 3 McNeill (65), Johnstone 2 (77, 81)
aet, 90 mins 3-3

Hampden Park, att 49,462

1973
Hibernian. 1 Gordon (119)
Celtic. 0
aet, 90 mins 0-0

Hampden Park, att 49,204

1974

Celtic 2. Murray (30), Wilson (93).
Rangers 2. Scott (38), McCluskey (og 118)
aet, 90 mins 1-1. Celtic won 4-2 on penalties

Hampden Park att 57,558

1979
Rangers 3. J MacDonald (13), Jardine (25), Cooper (78)
Celtic 1. Lennox (84)

Hampden Park, att 40,609

 1980
Aberdeen. 2 Jarvie (74), Cowan (83)
St Mirren.  1 Somner (pen 68)

Hampden Park, att 6,994.

 

 

The 1948 Great Britain Olympic Football Team.

Very recently, the Scottish Football Museum has paid tribute to Queen’s Park Football Club on their 150th anniversary with a Queen’s Park exhibition. There are multiple items within this gallery which the public often ask about with curiosity and enthusiasm, however, one football top in particular has led to people inquiring, “what is the story behind the 1948 GB Olympics Football jersey worn by an Angus Carmichael?”

Angus Carmichael was a Queen’s Park left back who was selected to be part of the Great Britain football squad competing at the 1948 Olympic Games; playing once in the Bronze medal match against Denmark.

In late July 1948 (69 years ago), the Olympic Games returned after a 12 year absence because of World War II. The games were unofficially referred to as “the Austerity Games” because of the economic status after the awful years of conflict. Germany and Japan were refused permission to participate; the USSR was invited but chose not to send any athletes.

This would be the second time the Olympic Games were hosted in the city of London. All football players were to be amateurs, in accordance with the Olympic spirit, which meant that some countries could not send their full international team- though this did not stop countries at times requesting to field their national teams. By this time, it was recognised that Britain’s amateur players were not of the same quality as they had been in earlier years, due to the rise of the professional game, so newly appointed Team GB coach, Matt Busby, searched far and wide for the best amateurs in the land.

 

Above: Alan Carmichael’s Team GB jersey.

Nineteen players in total were selected to play in the GB team- five of them being Queen’s Park  players. Andy Aitken, John Boyd, Angus Carmichael, James McColl and Ronnie Simpson. David Letham of Queen’s Park did not make the final squad, although, Letham was on the stand-by list should any player pull out of the squad. Indeed, the youngest selected was Ronnie Simpson at 17 years, 289 days while the oldest was Welsh club Troedyrhiw’s Gwyn Manning at 32 years, 343 days. What is interesting is that years later, in 1967, Simpson would go on to be Scotland’s oldest debutant at 35 yeas old when Scotland faced England at Wembley.

Left: The Badge on each player’s blazer.

The GB Olympic football team has competed in many Olympic Games but 1948 was to be their most successful tournament. Wembley Stadium hosted Great Britain’s final two matches, though they also played at Craven Cottage and Highbury. In the first round, the men beat the Netherlands 4-3 after extra-time; goals from Dougie McBain, John Hardisty, Dennis Kelleher and Harry McIlvenny were enough to progress. After that it was France who stood waiting in the quarter-finals. In a cagey affair, a second goal of the tournament from Hardisty was enough to overcome Les Bleus for the UK men to reach the semi-finals.

In an entertaining semi-final match against Yugoslavia, Great Britain would fall just a bit short of quality going toe to toe with the Eastern Europeans. Stjepan Bobek put Yugoslavia 1-0 up before Frank Donovan leveled the score. Four minutes after the score became 1-1, Yugoslavia were then in front again; this time through Franjo Wolfl. Any hopes of a comeback were made much more unlikely as Rajko Mitic scored his country’s third goal in the 48 minute.

Having lost the semi-final to Yugoslavia, Britain faced Denmark in the bronze medal match- in front of almost 50,000 at Wembley. If the British public thought the Yugoslavia game was a great watch for the viewer then they were to be in for a treat watching this tie. Andy Aitken got Team GB off to the perfect start grabbing a goal after just five minutes, until Denmark equalised through Karl Aage Præs on the 12th minute; followed with John Hansen turning the tie on its head slotting home four minutes later. Hardisty brought it back to 2-2 after the half hour mark (his third goal of the Olympic Games), though Denmark would go into the half time dressing room 3-2 up after Jørgen Leschly Sørensen scored his country’s third goal. A fantastic first half of football in which the second half would mirror slightly. Just after the restart Præs got the better of the GB defence again, firing past Simpson on the 49th minute. The crowd was tense but regained hope when Bill Amor of Reading converted a penalty. 4-3 to Denmark with just under half an hour to go. Then the killer blow for team GB, Hansen second goal all but confirming which country would be finishing third in the football tournament. Team GB finished forth overall as Denmark achieved the bronze medal- holding on to win the match 5-3 at Wembley.

Despite the end result for team GB, the players did the British Isles proud and the Queen’s Park men did not look out of place on the Olympic stage. Because of the commitment shown to the amateur status- and a consistent good standard of football- Queen’s players such as Thomas Stewart, John Devine and David Holt would in the future be called up for Team GB in the Olympic Games of 1952 and 1960. These players participation at the Olympic Games is just another fine example of the always impressive history of the oldest association club in Scottish football. It is therefore no surprise when hearing stories such as the 1948 Olympic football team, visitors, who gaze upon the Queen’s Park exhibition viewing items of the club’s history, are lost in amazement and end up spending hours absorbing the knowledge and past of the men in black and white hoops.

Above: A Squad photo of the team in London.

 

Team Great Britain Squad:

Kevin McAlinden (Belfast Celtic)

Ronnie Simpson (Queen’s Park)

Angus Carmichael (Queen’s Park)

Gwyn Manning (Troedyrhiw)

James McColl (Queen’s Park)

Charles Neale (Walton & Hersham)

Eric Fright (Bromley)

Eric Lee (Chester City)

Douglas McBain (Queen of the South)

Andy Aitken (Queen’s Park)

Bill Amor (Reading)

John Boyd (Queen’s Park)

Frank Donovan (Pembroke Borough)

Bob Hardisty (Darlington)

Thomas Hopper (Bromley)

Dennis Kelleher (Barnet)

Peter Kippax (Burnley)

Harold McIlvenny (Bradford Park Avenue)

Jack Rawlings (Enfield)

Head Coach: Matt Busby

Women’s Football in Scotland.

Tonight, Anna Signeul’s team prepare for their opening match against England at the 2017 Women’s European Championships in Holland. This will be the women squad’s first ever game in a major tournament. To many there is excitement, others nerves, but overall, particularly in Scotland, this recent success in the women’s game has been a long time coming.

Many might not be aware of this but the start of women’s football, of what we know today, began in Scotland.

The first known women’s match to be played under football association rules would be at Easter Road in Edinburgh in May 1881. A team representing Scotland beat one from England 3-0 with Lily St Clare- the first ever recorded female goalscorer- netting the opener. In one report following the game, the Glasgow Herald described the Scottish team as looking “smart in blue jerseys, white knickerbockers, red belts and high heeled boots”. Another game followed a few days later, this time in Glasgow, however the match would be abandoned due to fans entering the pitch and fighting amongst themselves and the authorities.

Left: Lily St Clare.

During the First World War, as men fought on the front line, women playing football was attracting large attention from fans. The year 1918 saw an unofficial Scotland v England match hosted at Celtic Park; attracting a crowd of 8,000 people. Shortly when conflict finished, women were expected to return to work rather than play football. Their dreams of playing the game professionally the same as men were to be short-lived for in the mid 1920’s, despite commitment from clubs, the SFA would not allow member clubs to advocate or entertain women’s football.

By the 1970’s Scottish society was changing. The women’s liberation movement advocated equal rights in the work place while the contraceptive pill revolutionised private morality. Equality was also demanded in football; the World Cup in 1966 was a great sour to the development of women’s football throughout Britain. Following two unofficial women’s World Cups in 1970 and 1971, UEFA recognised a need to structure the development of women’s football. Over 30 European football associations supported this decision though Scotland alone did not. In 1974, the British government announced plans to introduce the Sex Discrimination Act. It was during this year that the SFA agreed to give token recognition to the Scottish Women’s Football Association- which had already been formed in 1972.

Scotland’s first Secretary was Elsie Cook; the strip washer, organiser, and friend of the Museum. Cook’s eyes light up every time she shares the tale of organising the first official women’s international match. Players were selected over 3 months of trials. The final team included players from Cambuslang Hooverettes, Motherwell AEI, Lees Ladies, Westhorn Utd and Dundee Strikers; under the guidance of former Kilmarnock and St Mirren player, Rab Stewart, Scotland Women’s first ever manager.

The team travelled about in a milk van which smelled awful, surrounded in milk creates, arriving to training “with their stomachs turning!” With very little backing and money and just one week before the match, the jerseys were bought by Elsie from a jumble sale in Stewarton- who also sewed on the Scotland badge to each jersey- while the shorts and socks were loaned by Rangers Football Club.

The Scotland women’s team, captained by Margaret McAuley Rae, played their first official international match against a well organised England team at Ravenscraig Park in Greenock 1972. It was November, bitterly cold and a half the game took place in a snowstorm. Scotland forged ahead with a 2 goal lead but eventually lost to England 3-2.

Left: the Scotland line up from 1972 against England.

Part of that team were two monumental figures in the Scottish women’s game; Rose Reilly and Edna Neillis. Several top Scottish players could not resist the lure of Italian football. In Italy, women’s football was semi professional with gates averaging 6000. The speed and the skill of Scottish Football Hall of Fame inductee Reilly and counterpart Neillis took the Italians by storm. They both played for AC Milan in a vital match against League leaders Roma, Neillis would score a hat-trick in front of a crowd of 20,000. Reilly would go on to play for nine Italian clubs over 20 years, winning eight Scudetti and four Italian Cups. She won the golden boot in 1978, scoring 43 goals for Catania, and in 1981, hitting 45 for Lecce.

Towards the end of the 1990’s support for the women’s game increased. In September 1998 the Scottish FA took charge of the Women’s international side and ten development centres were established across Scotland to cater for girls from the age of ten. With a significant number of clubs and players, a new generation of star players started to emerge, such as Julie Fleeting, Gemma Fay, Leanne Ross and many others.

This year has celebrated the incredible highs of Scottish football that took place fifty years ago, though the celebrations should not stop there. A Scotland Women’s team have qualified for a major competition for the first time in their history; reaching the 2017 Euro Championships in Holland. It is important for all involved in the sport not to underestimate the determination, hard work, passion and success from days around 1881 to today’s National Women’s team heroes. Indeed, what is uniquely fitting is- after facing each other nearly 45 years ago in the first ever official international match – Scotland play England in their first ever finals match.

Signeul, the backroom staff and the players will forever share the legendary status with St Clare, Cook, Reilly, Neillis, Fleeting. Not only do they leave behind a legacy resulting in future generations to develop appetite and passion to participate in the women’s game; they set a bright, positive platform for women’s football in Scotland. It is no wonder the  work from the governing bodies, individuals and upcoming talent across the country leaves the Scottish football fan excited for the future.

The Scotland team from the 1970’s.              

The Scotland Women’s team achieving qualification for a major tournament for the first time in their history.

Scottish FA Women’s International Roll of Honour

The Scottish FA Women’s International Roll of Honour is a new permanent exhibit within the Scottish Football Museum which will pay tribute to members of the Scottish Women’s National Team who have gained 100 caps. There are currently 12 players who have achieved this remarkable feat within the women’s game in Scotland and they are listed below:

Gemma Fay

Joanne Love

Pauline Hamill

Megan Sneddon

Julie Fleeting

Rhonda Jones

Leanne Ross

Suzanne Grant

Kim Little

Ifeoma Dieke

Jennifer Beattie

Jane Ross

Each player has been honoured with a display panel highlighting their debut and 100th appearances. A special “100th cap” for each player, presented from UEFA, will also be displayed within a cabinet beside the panels.

Scotland Women’s National Team head coach Anna Signeul, opening of a new Scottish FA Women’s International Roll of Honour display.

 

Gemma Fay, Ifeoma Dieke and Julie Fleeting with their special caps.

Scottish Football Museum & Hampden Stadium Tour EARNS 2017 TRIPADVISOR CERTIFICATE OF EXCELLENCE

The Scottish Football Museum & Hampden Stadium Tour has received a TripAdvisor® Certificate of Excellence. Now in its seventh year, the achievement celebrates hospitality businesses that have earned great traveller reviews on TripAdvisor over the past year. Certificate of Excellence recipients include restaurants, accommodations and attractions located all over the world that have continually delivered a quality customer experience.

“TripAdvisor is excited to announce the recipients of the 2017 Certificate of Excellence, which celebrates hospitality businesses that have consistently received strong praise and ratings from travellers”, said Heather Leisman, Vice President of Industry Marketing, TripAdvisor. “This recognition allows us to publicly honour businesses that are actively engaging with customers and using feedback to help travellers identify and confidently book the perfect trip.”

The Certificate of Excellence accounts for the quality, quantity and recency of reviews submitted by travellers on TripAdvisor over a 12-month period. To qualify, a business must maintain an overall TripAdvisor bubble rating of at least four out of five, have a minimum number of reviews and must have been listed on TripAdvisor for at least 12 months.

 

There’s Only One Sandy McBain

It is with great sadness that we share the news of the passing of former colleague and dear friend, Sandy McBain.
Sandy worked at the Museum since our opening in 2001 up till his retirement in 2013.
His charm, sense of humour, warm heart, and incredible knowledge of Scottish football, made working alongside him an absolute pleasure.
Our thoughts are with his family and friends during this difficult time.

The Tale of Third Lanark AC.

This year marks remarkable anniversaries in the history of Scottish football. The 1966/67 season is one looked by some as possibly the best ever of the Scottish game; where fans were witnessing a golden generation playing at a very high standard domestically, across Europe and with the Scotland national team.

Yet, in the middle of all the feel good factor across the country, 1967 is also home to one of Scottish football’s sorry stories. The fall of football club Third Lanark AC.  Few people have heard the name of Third Lanark and their sad demise which could have been avoided. Third Lanark were founded on 12 December 1872 at a meeting of the Third Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers in the Regimental Orderly Room in Howard Street, Glasgow. The soldiers, inspired by the first ever international football match which had taken place two weeks previously, decided to form their own team. Several of the Scotland team in that match, made up solely of Queen’s Park players, had been part of the regiment: including Billy Dickson, Billy  and Joseph Taylor. Thirds played their home games at Cathkin Park (the second Hampden Park) in the south-side of Glasgow. The club was also a founding member of the Scottish Football League, in 1890 and would change their name to ‘Third Lanark AC in 1903, when official links with the military were severed.

Third Lanark had many success in the later 19th century to the early 20th century. They won the Scottish League Championship in 1904, reached the Scottish Cup final five times (winning two of them), and conquered in the Glasgow Cup four times as well. One of Third’s cup final triumphs comes with it a unique tale dubbed ‘the snow final’. They had reached the Scottish Cup final in 1889 where they faced Celtic at the second Hampden site . As the teams arrived at the ground and started to train, snow started to fall on the turf. With ankle-high snow covering the pitch, both team representatives decided they would just play a friendly match and arrange the final for another date. However, referee Charles Campbell arrived and overruled this request; stating the fans had already arrived expecting to see a cup final. The match proceeded and Thirds won the cup final 3-0. Yet moments after the full-time whistle, despite agreeing to play the initial final, Celtic complained to the Scottish FA and demanded a replay due to the poor weather conditions. After a few days of talks, a cup final replay was confirmed- to the disgust of Thirds’ players. Eventually the players decided to play the re-match against Celtic and went on to win the second final 2-1. Nothing was going to in the way of Thirds lifting the Scottish Cup that year.

The nickname the ‘Hi Hi’ is meant to originate from the roars of the crowd from one match where the defender cleared the ball high in the air, resulting in the crowd to shout “Hi Hi Hi”. The chant was also used as a battle cry to encourage the team to victory during the club’s matches, helping to create an intimidating atmosphere for the opposition.

Third Lanark playing at their home ground Cathkin Park.

In 1961, Thirds secured third place in Scotland’s top division behind Rangers and Kilmarnock; scoring 100 goals in the process, resulting a place in Europe for the first time in the club’s history.

Many famous players featured for the Hi Hi, Jimmy Mason, Jockey Robertson and Ally McLeod to name a few. As well as good players, Thirds have been managed by well recognised Scottish football figures such as Bob Shankly, George Young, Bobby Evans and Bobby Shearer. Shankly speaks of his time at Third Lanark sharing ‘I enjoyed my spell with the Thirds more than any other club I have been with. I was sad to move to Dundee when asked to do so, as at that time Thirds were one of the best teams in the league and were very popular with the crowds, both home and away’.

The December 1962 Shareholder’s meeting would see the appointment of Mr Bill Hiddleston as Chairman; a crook with selfish intentions. Third’s manager at the time was former Rangers player, George Young, who stated that if Hiddleston were to be elected onto the board then he would resign. Once the vote was cast to appoint Hiddleston, Young picked up his coat and left the meeting, never to manage the Hi Hi again.

This would be the beginning of the end for Third Lanark. The following summer would see 34 players released and in the next 5 years, it would seem that anyone could get a game for Thirds. Bobby Evans and Bobby Shearer held managerial tenures to help stable the club but they were powerless. The club would be relegated in the 1964/65 season, kicking off the 65/66 season in the Second division. Crowds were falling drastically at Cathkin. The European club competitions drew people’s attention signalling the end of the Glasgow Cup as a lucrative money spinner, the writing was on the wall for Thirds. Players were not being paid, Hiddleston would use gate money in order to quieten player’s wage demands. Players were even forced to travel on their own to the away matches. It appeared his intentions were to run the club down to the ground and build property on the site. Sadly Third Lanark would play (what would be unknown to their supporters)their last game; against Dumbarton on 28th April in 1967, losing 5-1 at Bogend.

The following weeks brought a Board of Trade investigation, revealing constant player squabbles and bitter internal wrangles for power. All of this would take its toll and eventually a liquidator was appointed. It was shortly after that in the summer where the club would be wound up. This was to be the first club since the Second World War to have been liquidated, a scenario very unusual to which very few, particularly the Third Lanark board, knew how to handle a troubled financial situation such as this.

The timing of the club’s death is very unfortunate. At the time all eyes were elsewhere than the Second division. Kilmarnock were in the semi finals of the Inter Cities Fairs Cup. Rangers were in the European Cup Winner’s Cup final. Celtic winning every domestic trophy; completing the set by becoming the first British club to win the European Cup. The international team which included the likes of Jim Baxter, Denis Law and Billy Bremner, conquering the World Champions England at Wembley Stadium. Thirds were no more than a footnote to that story. Perhaps if there was not as much attention diverted to the other parties at the time then there could have been other people brought to light to help save the club.

One man who kept alive the name of Third Lanark was our friend and former employee, Bob Laird. Bob was the unofficial Third Lanark historian who would host photo and memorabilia  exhibitions, spreading the tale of the mighty Hi Hi. Sharing stories of times at Cathkin, famous matches and players who had the pleasure to wear the red jersey. When television shows and press media needed information on Thirds, Bob was the man they all turned towards, impressing every single one them with his humour, intellect and kind  personality.

Third Lanark jerseys and memorabilia on display in our Museum.

Whilst it is fair to reminisce Scottish football’s dance with world class success fifty years ago, it is also important to remember the great history of one of the Scottish Football League’s founding fathers. A truly respected Glasgow club no strangers to silverware or good players. A club who’s aura can still be felt when walking around the current Cathkin Park sight. A club that- similar to our dear friend Bob- are sadly missed in the Scottish game.

This article is dedicated to our old colleague and dear friend Bob Laird.  

 

One Packed Afternoon at Hampden

Since the site of Hampden Park was attained by Queen’s Park in 1903, major football matches and events have taken place in Mount Florida. There have been years of large crowds in the south-side of Glasgow, yet, none any greater, anywhere else in Europe nor even in the world at that time, than the record-breaking 149,415 fans who paid to watch an Auld Enemy British Championship clash.

Because of previous hazards that entailed in the 1933 and 1935 Scotland v England clashes at Hampden, the Scottish FA had decided this match against England was to be an all ticket event; making it the first ever ticketing international ever organised in Scotland.

Previously, the record Hampden attendance had been set in 1933 when 136,250 spectators crammed in to see Scotland beat England 2-1. The ground had changed since then, however, including a new North Stand which would accommodate 4,500 people. This meant that the official crowd limit for the National stadium had been increased to 150,000.

The mass excitement could be felt in the city despite heavy rain falling all morning. Many of the supporters took the advice of the authorities to get to the ground early, but this did not help with the inevitable late surge arriving just before the kick-off. Within such a large crowd there was still enough room to move about down the front, though many liked to be standing up at the back. A reported 46 people fainted and the figure would have been much higher should it have been a warmer Glasgow day.

 

 

 

 

 

Above: The crowds gather at Hampden.

The Hampden Roar was fierce in reputation during this time. Influential English footballers, like Raich Carter of Sunderland, would admit to being intimidated and alarmed whenever Hampden roared. Ten years had passed since England last won at Hampden, though the quality shown by the men in white in the first half, despite having the biggest home support present, created a nervous feeling around the Hampden bowl. Right from the first whistle the English defenders were gunning for Scotland’s quick and small players- Jimmy Delaney being the number one target. Tommy Walker and Bob McPhail were also victims of nasty lunges.

Stanley Matthews of Stoke City was making life difficult for the Scots on the right wing while Scotland had a goal chalked off for mysterious reasons. It was shortly after that England went 1-0 ahead. Freddie Steele who picked up a pass found himself free as the Scotland defence switched off- shooting low pass Jerry Dawson. 1-0 the score at Half-time.

Scotland now shooting in the King’s Park end in the second half managed to level the game. The goal came after fine work from Alex Massie of Aston Villa who passed the ball to his ex-Hearts team mate Tommy Walker, who indulged in one of his own dribbles which finished almost at the goal-line; he then coolly pushed the ball in square for O’Donnell, who had not been the power he can be, to score from close range. The play, the momentum and the roar from the crowd drove Scotland towards a famous, momentous win.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Above: Jimmy Delaney attempts to win the ball.

England’s defenders were tiring which was mainly down to the great Bob McPhail, pointing, gesticulating, and demanding the ball; inspiring his team-mates around him. The away side were also finding Walker of Hearts hard to deal with. Tough tackles flew in left right and centre, one in fact led to Scotland to score from one of the resulted free-kicks. It was after 35 minutes their second goal came. Delaney swung the ball over and the English defence seemed to misjudge its flight. At any rate, Duncan received it unmarked. He returned it to the centre, O’Donnell met it, there was a momentary confusion, and McPhail was able to shoot through- unleashing a tidal wave of joy and jubilation on the terracing behind.

If the Scotland support thought that goal was good then things were to get a whole lot better. It seemed that after the goal the Scottish players believed the old maxim that the best form of defence is attack. In the two minutes that remained England gave away more fouls due to the intense pressure being orchestrated by the men in navy blue. McPhail’s second, once again, came from a free-kick. Delaney proved to be key, for his early jump took the keeper and defender with him, allowing the ball to fly over him to the head of McPhail.

Those who listened to the radio commentary could not hear any words from the commentator but they knew what had happened as indeed did most of Glasgow. Those who celebrated late into the evening of Saturday 17th April 1937 couldn’t possibly imagine how many momentous events, disastrous and calamitous would engulf the world before they could enjoy another carefree, after-match celebration following a visit by England to the national stadium.

Indeed, the attendance that day was recorded as 149,415 though some sources report it to be 149,547 which some say includes complimentary tickets, press box attendees and the police. Not only would this be the highest crowd recorded at Hampden Park, but the largest crowd to watch a European international football fixture. Interestingly, this figure is only counting the people present in the ground; not including those able to be lifted over the turnstiles by parents or guardians. It is, therefore, factual matter that the record crowd is actually higher. Regardless if the crowd was 149,000, 155,000 or 160,000, the ‘very few’ people present would be thankful they were able to see Scotland victorious in a great footballing match against England in the spring of 1937, for England would not lose again in Scotland for 25 years.

Above: Jimmy Delaney’s match worn jersey from the match is located in the Museum’s store.